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Kazimierz Dolny 12
 

 

 

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Description
English: Kazimierz Dolny is a small town in central eastern Poland, on the right (eastern) bank of the Vistula River in Puławy County, Lublin Province. Historically it belongs to Lesser Poland, and in the past it used to be one of the most important cities of the Province.

At the edge of historical Lublin Upland, Kazimierz Dolny is one of the most beautifully situated little towns in Poland and enjoyed its greatest prosperity in the sixteenth and the first half of the seventeenth century due to the trade in grain conducted along the Vistula. It became an economic backwater after that trade declined, and this freeze in economic development enabled the town to preserve its Renaissance urban plan and appearance. Kazimierz Dolny is an art center in Poland. Many painters retreat to this small town to paint and sell their work. Galleries can be found in almost every street, offering for sale sculptures, stained-glass, folk art, and fine art. The town is one of Poland's official national Historic Monuments (Pomnik historii), which listing is maintained by the National Heritage Board of Poland.

The history of Kazimierz Dolny dates back to the eleventh century, when on one of the local hills there was a Benedictine settlement called Wietrzna Gora. In 1181, Prince Casimir II the Just handed the settlement to Norbertine nuns from the district of Zwierzyniec in Kraków. The nuns changed its name to Kazimierz, in honor of the prince. For the first time, the name Kazimierz appears in chronicles in 1249. Later on, the adjective Dolny (Lower) was added, to distinguish the town from the Jewish town Kazimierz - now a district of Kraków. In the early fourteenth century, the village became a royal possession, and King Władysław I the Elbow-high founded a parish church there in 1325. The foundation of the town is attributed to Władysław's son, King Casimir III the Great, who granted the town rights in the first half of the fourteenth century. Later, King Władysław II Jagiełło modernized Kazimierz Dolny, creating a modern town, with a market square and streets. At that time, the decision was taken not to build any houses on the northern side of the market square, so as not to obstruct the view of the church and the castle.
The Scotch Mist Gallery contains many photographs of historic buildings, monuments and memorials of Poland.
Polski: Kazimierz Dolny. Galeria Mist Scotch zawiera wiele zdjęć zabytkowych budowli, pomników i miejsc pamięci w Polsce.
Date
Source Own work
Author Scotch Mist
Camera location 51° 19′ 18.69″ N, 21° 56′ 49.89″ E Kartographer map based on OpenStreetMap. View this and other nearby images on: OpenStreetMap - Google Earth info

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Photo's description:
Kazimierz Dolny is a small town in central eastern Poland, on the right (eastern) bank of the Vistula River in Puławy County, Lublin Province. Historically it belongs to Lesser Poland, and in the past it used to be one of the most important cities of the Province. At the edge of historical Lublin Upland, Kazimierz Dolny is one of the most beautifully situated little towns in Poland and enjoyed its greatest prosperity in the sixteenth and the first half of the seventeenth century due to the trade in grain conducted along the Vistula. It became an economic backwater after that trade declined, and this freeze in economic development enabled the town to preserve its Renaissance urban plan and appearance. Kazimierz Dolny is an art center in Poland. Many painters retreat to this small town to paint and sell their work. Galleries can be found in almost every street, offering for sale sculptures, stained-glass, folk art, and fine art. The town is one of Poland's official national Historic Monuments (Pomnik historii), which listing is maintained by the National Heritage Board of Poland. The history of Kazimierz Dolny dates back to the eleventh century, when on one of the local hills there was a Benedictine settlement called Wietrzna Gora. In 1181, Prince Casimir II the Just handed the settlement to Norbertine nuns from the district of Zwierzyniec in Kraków. The nuns changed its name to Kazimierz, in honor of the prince. For the first time, the name Kazimierz appears in chronicles in 1249. Later on, the adjective Dolny (Lower) was added, to distinguish the town from the Jewish town Kazimierz - now a district of Kraków. In the early fourteenth century, the village became a royal possession, and King Władysław I the Elbow-high founded a parish church there in 1325. The foundation of the town is attributed to Władysław's son, King Casimir III the Great, who granted the town rights in the first half of the fourteenth century. Later, King Władysław II Jagiełło modernized Kazimierz


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EXIF data:
File name kazimierz_dolny_12.jpg
Size, Mbytes 4.5698798828125
Mime type image/jpeg
Camera manufacturer NIKON CORPORATION
Camera model NIKON D3200
Orientation of image 1
Image resolution in width direction 72
Image resolution in height direction 72
Unit of X and Y resolution 2
Exposure time 10/3200 sec (0.003125)
F number f / 10
ISO speed rating 400
Compressed bits per pixel 2
Exif version 0230
Lens focal length 32 mm
Date and time original image was generated 2016:07:17 15:15:26
Date and time image was made digital data 2016:07:17 15:15:26
Meaning of each component 
Exposure bias 0
Maximum lens aperture 4.5
Metering mode 5
Supported Flashpix version 0100
Color space information 1
InteroperabilityOffset 17966
Sensing method 2
Scene type 
CFA pattern 
Digital zoom ratio 1
Focal length in 35 mm film 48 mm
Scene capture type 1
Gain control 1
Interoperability version 0100
Software used GIMP 2.8.2


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