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Polish victim of German Luftwaffe action 1939
 

 

 

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Deutsch: Die zehnjährige Polin Kazimiera Mika trauert um ihre ältere Schwester, die auf einem Feld nahe der Jana-Ostroroga-Straße in Warschau bei einem Angriff der deutschen Luftwaffe ums Leben kam.

Der Fotograf Julien Bryan beschrieb die Szene wie folgt: "Als wir zu einem kleinen Feld am Stadtrand kamen, waren wir nur ein paar Minuten zu spät, um Zeuge eines tragischen Ereignisses zu werden, des unglaublichsten überhaupt. Sieben Frauen wollten Kartoffeln ausgraben. Es gab kein Mehl in ihrem Bezirk und sie suchten verzweifelt nach Nahrung. Plötzlich erschienen zwei deutsche Flugzeuge aus dem Nichts und warfen zwei Bomben auf ein nur zweihundert Meter entferntes Haus. Zwei Frauen im Haus fanden den Tod. Die Kartoffelernterinnen warfen sich flach auf den Boden in der Hoffnung, unentdeckt zu bleiben. Als die Flugzeuge fort waren, setzten sie ihre Arbeit fort. Sie brauchten das Essen.

Aber die Nazi-Flieger waren noch nicht zufrieden mit ihrem Werk. Nach ein paar Minuten kamen sie zurück und fielen auf 200 Meter Höhe ab, wobei sie das Feld mit Maschinengewehrfeuer durchpflügten. Zwei der sieben Frauen starben; die anderen fünf schafften es irgendwie zu fliehen.

Während ich die Leichen fotografierte, kam ein kleines zehnjähriges Mädchen und starrte wie gebannt auf eine der Toten. Sie war ihre ältere Schwester. Das Kind hatte nie zuvor eine Tote gesehen und konnte nicht verstehen, warum ihre Schwester nicht mit ihr sprach.

Sie sah uns verwirrt an. Ich legte meinen Arm fest um sie, um sie zu beruhigen. Sie weinte - ebenso wie ich und die polnischen Polizisten, die bei mir waren."

[Quelle: Bryan, Julien: "Warsaw: 1939 Siege; 1959 Warsaw Revisited."]

English: Kazimiera Mika, a ten-year-old Polish girl, mourns the death of her older sister, who was killed in a field near Jana Ostroroga Street in Warsaw during a German air raid by Luftwaffe.

Photographer Julien Bryan described the scene: "As we drove by a small field at the edge of town we were just a few minutes too late to witness a tragic event, the most incredible of all. Seven women had been digging potatoes in a field. There was no flour in their district, and they were desperate for food. Suddenly two German planes appeared from nowhere and dropped two bombs only two hundred yards away on a small home. Two women in the house were killed. The potato diggers dropped flat upon the ground, hoping to be unnoticed. After the bombers had gone, the women returned to their work. They had to have food.

But the Nazi fliers were not satisfied with their work. In a few minutes they came back and swooped down to within two hundred feet of the ground, this time raking the field with machine-gun fire. Two of the seven women were killed. The other five escaped somehow.

While I was photographing the bodies, a little ten-year old girl came running up and stood transfixed by one of the dead. The woman was her older sister. The child had never before seen death and couldn't understand why her sister would not speak to her...

The child looked at us in bewilderment. I threw my arm about her and held her tightly, trying to comfort her. She cried. So did I and the two Polish officers who were with me..." [Source: Bryan, Julien. "Warsaw: 1939 Siege; 1959 Warsaw Revisited."]

In September 1959 Julien Bryan wrote more about it in Look magazine:

In the offices of the Express, that child, Kazimiera Mika, now 30, and I were reunited. I asked her if she remembered anything of that tragic day in the potato field. "I should," she replied quietly. "It was the day I lost my sister, the day I first saw death, and the first time I met a foreigner - you." Today, Kazimiera is married to a Warsaw streetcar motorman. They have a 12-year-old girl and a boy, 9, and the family lives in a 1 1/2-room apartment, typical of the overcrowded conditions of war-racked Poland. She is a charwoman at a medical school (she told me her biggest regret is that her education ended when the war began), and all of the $75 earned each month by her husband and herself goes for food. Kazimiera and her husband, like most Poles, supplement their income with odd jobs, and are sometimes forced to sell a piece of furniture for extra money. But they celebrated my visit to their home with that rare treat, a dinner with meat.

?esky: Kazimiera Mika, desetiletá Polská hol?i?ka truchlí kv?li smrti své starší sestry, která byla zabita v poli poblíž ulice jana Ostroroga ve Waršav? b?hem n?meckého vzdušného náletu Luftwaffe.

Fotograf Julien Brian popsal scénu:"Jak jsme jeli kolem malého pole na kraji m?ste?ka, jen n?kolikaminutové zpožd?ní nám zabránilo stát se sv?dky tragické události, té nejneuv??iteln?jší. Sedm žen kopalo na poli brambory. Nem?ly žádnou mouku a zoufale pot?ebovaly jídlo. najednou se z ni?eho nic vyno?ily dva N?mecké letouny a shodily dv? bomby na malý d?m jen 200 yard? daleko. Dv? ženy v dom? byly zabity. Kopá?ky brambor zalehly a doufaly že si jich letadla nevšimla. Poté co bombardéry zmizely, ženy se vrátily ke své práci.Musely sehnat jídlo.

Ale nacisti?tí piloti nebyli spokojeni se svou prací. b?hem pár minut se vrátily a kulometnou palbou zametly 200 stop pole. Dv? z t?ch sedmi žen byly p?i náletu zabity. Ostatním se n?jak poda?ilo uprchnout.

Když jsem fotografoval t?la, p?ib?hla malá, desetiletá hol?i?ka a z?stala stát jako p?ikovaná u jedné mrtvé. Ta žena byla její starší sestra. Dít? ješt? nikdy p?edtím nevid?lo smrt a nemohlo pochopit pro? s ní její sestra nebude mluvit...

Dít? se na nás zmaten? dívalo.natáhl jsem k ní ruku a pevn? ji držel abych ji ut?šil. Plakala. Stejn? jako já a dva Polští d?stojníci kte?í byli se mnou.

Polski: Dziesi?cio-letnia Kazimiera Mika nad zw?okami siostry, zabitej przy ul. Ostroroga w Warszawie podczas niemieckiego nalotu.

Fotograf Julien Bryan opisuje scen?: "Jechali?my przez ma?e pole na obrze?ach miasta, ale byli?my tylko kilka minut za pó?no, aby by? ?wiadkiem tragicznego wypadku. Siedem kobiet kopa?o ziemniaki na polu poniewa? zabrak?o m?ki i nie mia?y co je??. Nagle dwa samoloty niemieckie pojawi?y si? znik?d i zrzuci?y dwie bomby na ma?y dom jakie? dwie?cie metrów dalej. Dwie kobiety w domu, zosta?y zabite. Kobiety na polu schowa?y si? maj?c nadziej? ze nie zostan? zauwa?one. Gdy bombowce odlecia?y, kobiety wróci?y do pracy, bo musia?y znale?? ?ywno??. Ale hitlerowscy lotnicy nie byli zadowoleni ze swojej pracy. Po kilku minutach wrócili lec?c jakie? 60 metrów nad ziemi?, grabi?c pole kulami karabinów maszynowych. Dwie z siedmiu kobiet zosta?y zabite a pozosta?e pi?? jako? uciek?y.

Kiedy by?em fotografowania cia?a, ma?a dziesi?cio-letnia dziewczynka podbieg?a i znieruchomia?a ko?o jednego z cia?. Kobieta by?a jej starsz? siostr?. Dziecko nigdy nie widzia?o ?mierci i nie mog?o zrozumie?, dlaczego jej siostra nie odzywa si? do niej. Dziecko spojrza? na nas w zak?opotaniu. Objelem j? trzyma?em mocno, staraj?c si? j? pocieszy?. P?aka?a. Ja tez p?aka?em i dwóch polskich oficerów, którzy byli ze mn? ... "[?ród?o: Bryan, Julien. "Warsaw: 1939 Siege; 1959 Warsaw Revisited."]
Date 13 September 1939(1939-09-13)
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Public domain This image is in the public domain because according to the Art. 3 of copyright law of March 29, 1926 of the Republic of Poland and Art. 2 of copyright law of July 10, 1952 of the People's Republic of Poland, all photographs by Polish photographers (or published for the first time in Poland or simultaneously in Poland and abroad) published without a clear copyright notice before the law was changed on May 23, 1994 are assumed public domain.
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This image has been assessed under the valued image criteria and is considered the most valued image on Commons within the scope: Victims of German air raid. You can see its nomination at Commons:Valued image candidates/Polish victim of German Luftwaffe action 1939.jpg.




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Size, bytes 349493
Mime type image/jpeg
Orientation of image 1
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Software used Adobe Photoshop 7.0
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