This photo was viewed 0 times and was downloaded in full size 0 times.

This photo was liked 0 times

Please login in order to see the source link



This graph, or spectrum, shows the light from a dusty, distant galaxy located 11 billion light-years away. The galaxy is invisible to optical telescopes, but NASA's Spitzer Space Telescope was able to capture the light from it and dozens of other similar galaxies using heat-seeking infrared eyes.

Spectra are created when an instrument called a spectrograph spreads light out into its basic parts, like a prism turning sunlight into a rainbow. They contain the signatures, or "fingerprints," of molecules that contribute to an object's light.

In this case, the galaxy's spectrum reveals the fingerprint for silicate dust (large dip at right), a planetary building block like sand, only smaller. This particular fingerprint is important because it helped astronomers determine how far away the galaxy lies, or more specifically, how much the galaxy's light had stretched, or "redshifted," during its journey to Spitzer's eyes. Because the universe is expanding, a galaxy's light will shift toward reddish wavelengths as it moves away from us. This galaxy was found to have a redshift of 1.95, which means that its light took about 11 billion years to get here.

The presence of the silicate fingerprint is also significant because it implies that galaxies were ripe for planetary formation 11 billion years ago -- back to a time when the universe was 3 billion years old. The universe is currently believed to be 13.5 billion years old. This is the furthest back in time that silicate dust has been detected around a galaxy.

These data were taken by Spitzer's infrared spectrograph in July, 2004.

File info

Description Fingerprints in the Light
Date 2005/03/01
Source http://gallery.spitzer.caltech.edu/Imagegallery/image.php?image_name=ssc2005-08a
Author NASA/JPL-Caltech/J. Houck (Cornell University)
(Reusing this file)


Individual images

see http://gallery.spitzer.caltech.edu/Imagegallery/image.php?image_name=ssc2005-08a High quality tif files also avaliable.


Public domain This file is in the public domain because it was created by NASA. NASA copyright policy states that "NASA material is not protected by copyright unless noted". (See Template:PD-USGov, NASA copyright policy page or JPL Image Use Policy.)


Public Domain


Only registered users can post comments. Please login

EXIF data:
File name ssc2005-08a.jpg
Size, bytes 1319099
Mime type image/jpeg
Orientation of image 1
Image resolution in width direction 300/1
Image resolution in height direction 300/1
Unit of X and Y resolution 2
Color space information 65535
Exif image width 3000
Exif image length 2400
Software used Adobe Photoshop 7.0
The images at Free-Photos.biz come mainly from Wikimedia Commons or from our own production. The photos are either in the public domain, or licensed under free linceses: Free-Photos.biz license, GPL, Creative Commons or Free-Art license. Some very few other photos where uploaded to Free-Photos.biz by our users and released into the public domain or into free usage under another free license (like GPL etc.)

All photos in average size can be saved by everyone without registration (by right-clicking) - and all photos can be downloaded in full-size and without the big watermark by members (by left-clicking) (registration and free membership required).

While the copyright and licensing information supplied for each photo is believed to be accurate, Free-Photos.biz does not provide any warranty regarding the copyright status or correctness of licensing terms. If you decide to reuse the images from Free-Photos.biz, you should verify the copyright status of each image just as you would when obtaining images from other sources.

The use of depictions of living or deceased persons may be restricted in some jurisdictions by laws regarding personality rights. Such images are exhibited at Free-Photos.biz as works of art that serve higher artistic interests.

christianity portal