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The astronomer.[1]

Alternate title(s):
L'Astronome ou plutôt L'Astrologue.[2]
L’astrologue, dit aussi L’astronome.[3]




oil on canvas


51.5 × 45.5 cm (20.3 × 17.9 in)

Louvre Museum, Richelieu, 2nd floor, room 38


Accession number

RF 1983-28


Provenance: 1669 (?): obtained by Adriaen Paets (1631-1686), Rotterdam (?)
1686(1686): inherited by Adriaen Paets (1657-1712), Rotterdam (?)
27 April 1713(1713-04-27): anonymous sale at an unknown auction house, Rotterdam
1713 (?): obtained by from Hendrik Sorgh (†1720), Amsterdam
28 March 1720(1720-03-28): sale of the collection of Hendrik Sorgh, Amsterdam, at an unknown auction house, Amsterdam (as ‘Een Astrologist: door Vermeer van Delft, extra puyk’)

by 1727(1727): Govert Looten (1668-1727), Amsterdam

31 March 1729(1729-03-31): sale of the collection of Govert Looten, Amsterdam, at an unknown auction house, Amsterdam

by 1778(1778): Jacob Crammer Simonsz. (1725-1778), Amsterdam

25 November 1778(1778-11-25): purchased by De Vries at the sale of the collection of Jacob Crammer Simonsz. at Schley, Amsterdam
1778(1778): obtained by Jean Etienne Fizeaux (†1780), Amsterdam
1780(1780): inherited by the widow of Jean Etienne Fizeaux
1784(1784) or 1785(1785): obtained by Pieter Fouquet and Joseph Paillet (art dealer), Paris
between 1785(1785) and 1794(1794) (?): obtained by Jan Danser Nyman (1735-1796), Amsterdam
16 August 1797(1797-08-16): purchased by Jan Gildemeester Jansz. (1744-1799), Amsterdam, at the sale of the collection of Jan Danser Nyman at an unknown auction house, Amsterdam
11 June 1800(1800-06-11): purchased by La Bouchère at the sale of the collection of Jan Gildemeester Jansz. at an unknown auction house, Amsterdam
9 May 1804(1804-05-09): sale of the collection of Michael Bryan

by 1820-1828: John Gibbons, near Birmingham

Unknown date: inherited by William Gibbons
18 June 1857(1857-06-18): purchased by Tate at the sale of the collection of William Gibbons at an unknown auction house, London (as ‘A Philosopher’)
30 May 1881(1881-05-30): purchased by Léon Gauchez (art dealer), Paris, at the sale of the collection of Léopold Double, Paris, at an unknown auction house, Paris
between 1881(1881) and 1888(1888): purchased by Alphonse James de Rothschild (1827-1905), Paris
1905(1905): inherited by Édouard Alphonse James de Rothschild (1868-1949), Paris
1940(1940): confiscated by Einsatzstab Reichsleiter Rosenberg, Paris
Unknown date: transferred to Führermuseum, Inventory number 1479, Linz
Unknown date: transferred to Central Collecting Point, Inventory number 2609/1, Munich
1945(1945): restituted to Édouard Alphonse James de Rothschild, Paris
1949(1949): inherited by Guy de Rothschild (1909-2007), Paris
1982(1982): ceded to the Louvre Museum, Paris


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  1. ? Essential Vermeer.
  2. ? Base Atlas.
  3. ? Base Joconde.


This image is annotated: View the annotations at Commons

Public Domain


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