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Carlisle siege coin 802156
 

 

 

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Description Stuart, Siege money. Carlisle. 1644-1645.
AR Shilling (4.82 g, 12h). Dated 164[5].
Crowned C : R; triple pellets flanking, XII below; all within pelleted and linear border
• OBS :/(triple pellets) CARL[:]/• 164[5] • in three lines across field; seven-pettled flowers above and below; contraction lines above S and L; all within linear border.
Hird 244 = SCBI 33 (Brooker), 1220 (same dies); North 2635; SCBC 3138. VF, toned, a few light marks under tone. Extremely rare.
"Due to its location along the Scottish-English border, the city of Carlisle became a strategic location and was periodically besieged. During the English Civil War Carlisle was besieged twice. The first siege took place in 1644, when Scottish Presbyterians, or the Covenanters, attempted to take the city from the Royalists and their commander, James Graham, 1st Marquess of Montrose. Being unsuccessful in this attempt, they tried again the following year. This time the Covenanters were led by Alexander Leslie, 1st Earl of Leven. A man of great military experience because of his service in both the Dutch and Swedish armies, Leslie successfully led the siege early in 1645. The garrison and the townspeople were put on short allowance by the end of February, but although they suffered almost unexampled distresses, they held out until all hopes of relief had vanished after the Battle of Naseby in mid-June, though they did not surrender until two weeks later."
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Author CNG
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