Phenakistoscope 3g07692u



This photo was viewed 12 times and was downloaded in full size 1 times.

This photo was liked 0 times

Please login in order to see the source link


Eadweard Muybridge's Phenakistoscope: Athletes – Boxing

Phenakistoscope 3g07692u.jpg
Original disc
Phenakistoscope 3g07692d.gif
Detail view
Phenakistoscope 3g07692b.gif
Mirror simulation
Phenakistoscope 3g07692a.gif
Spinning disc

CREATOR Muybridge, Eadweard, 1830-1904, artist.
TITLE The zoopraxiscope* – Athletes – Boxing (No. 2, title from item.)
SUMMARY Images on a disc which when spun gives the illusion of two men boxing.
MEDIUM 1 print : lithograph, color.
CREATED/PUBLISHED c1893 (14666Y U.S. Copyright Office). Copyright by Eadweard Muybridge (expired).
SUBJECTS Boxing--1890-1900; Locomotion--1890-1900; Optical illusions--1890-1900.
FORMAT Optical toys 1890-1900; Lithographs Color 1890-1900.

Exhibited at "Moving Pictures : The Un-easy Relationship between American Art and Early Film" at the Williams College of Art, MA, and other venues, 2005-2007.

Call number: LOT 10440 [item] [P&P], Reproduction number: LC-DIG-ppmsca-05949 (digital file from original print), LC-USZC4-7692 (color film copy transparency);
Digital ID: ppmsca 05948 (digital file from original), cph 3g07692 (digital file from color film copy transparency); Card #: 00650867. No known restrictions on publication.

US-LibraryOfCongress-BookLogo.svg This image is available from the United States Library of Congress's Prints and Photographs division under the digital ID ppmsca.05949.
This tag does not indicate the copyright status of the attached work. A normal copyright tag is still required. See Commons:Licensing for more information.

Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA

Modifications for Wikipedia

  • Taken from full-size tiff file
  • Cropped, centered, skewed, color corrected, cleaned up
  • Original cut from background and disc rotated
  • 13 copies rotated at multiples of 27.69 degrees
  • Animated gif versions: removal method return to background, frame delay 15/100 seconds, total runtime 1.95 seconds
  • Mirror simulation version: two black frames set to overlay and merged onto image layer, flipped horizontally
  • Original disc version: converted to jpg, 8/10, progressive 5 scans


Public domain This image (or other media file) is in the public domain because its copyright has expired.

This applies to Australia, the European Union and those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 70 years.

Dialog-warning.svg You must also include a United States public domain tag to indicate why this work is in the public domain in the United States. Note that a few countries have copyright terms longer than 70 years: Mexico has 100 years, Colombia has 80 years, and Guatemala and Samoa have 75 years, Soviet Union has 74 years for some authors. This image may not be in the public domain in these countries, which moreover do not implement the rule of the shorter term. Côte d'Ivoire has a general copyright term of 99 years and Honduras has 75 years, but they do implement the rule of the shorter term.

This file has been identified as being free of known restrictions under copyright law, including all related and neighboring rights.

Public Domain


Only registered users can post comments. Please login

EXIF data:
File name phenakistoscope_3g07692u.jpg
Size, Mbytes 2.06583007812
Mime type image/jpeg
The images at Free-Photos.biz come mainly from Wikimedia Commons or from our own production. The photos are either in the public domain, or licensed under free linceses: Free-Photos.biz license, GPL, Creative Commons or Free-Art license. Some very few other photos where uploaded to Free-Photos.biz by our users and released into the public domain or into free usage under another free license (like GPL etc.)

While the copyright and licensing information supplied for each photo is believed to be accurate, Free-Photos.biz does not provide any warranty regarding the copyright status or correctness of licensing terms. If you decide to reuse the images from Free-Photos.biz, you should verify the copyright status of each image just as you would when obtaining images from other sources.

The use of depictions of living or deceased persons may be restricted in some jurisdictions by laws regarding personality rights. Such images are exhibited at Free-Photos.biz as works of art that serve higher artistic interests.

christianity portal