This photo was viewed 2 times and was downloaded in full size 0 times.

This photo was liked 0 times

Please login in order to see the source link

Published by W. Simpson

"Life in Philadelphia"


Published May 1829(1829-05).


color etching

  • Dialogue in image:
Fashionably-attired African-American woman
"Have you any flesh-coloured silk stockings, young man?"
French shop-attendant (who knows exactly what to do to please the customer)
"Oui, Madame! Here is von pair of de first qualité."

[Meaning: "Yes ma'am, here is a pair which is of the highest quality."]

monogram bottom right: C - artist or engraver


A caricature showing an African-American woman shopping while dressed in the very latest of high fashions; her similarly-attired friend waits in the doorway for her to finish her purchase. As caricaturists often did, the size of the woman's hat is exaggerated, and the skirts are shown a little shorter than they would have been in real life (see Image:Waist-and-Extravagance-ca-1830-fashion-satire-Heath.jpg for another typical example of these standard caricaturists' tricks from the same period).

This caricature is not really racist in itself (and could even be considered to be subtly anti-racist in pointing out the relative meaning of the term "flesh-colored"), but much of the humor which white Americans of 1829 would have perceived in it would have arisen from the racist preconceptions which they held. Many white Americans would have found the very idea of a "black bourgeoisie" (as it was later called), or Black attempts to imitate White high-society, to be inherently at least slightly ridiculous.


Edited from the image http://memory.loc.gov/master/pnp/cph/3g00000/3g02000/3g02400/3g02441u.tif at the Library of Congress website

CALL NUMBER: PGA - Clay, Edward W.--Life in Philadelphia (A size) [P&P]
REPRODUCTION NUMBER: LC-USZC4-2441 (color film copy transparency)
LC-USZ62-119316 (b&w film copy neg.)
REPOSITORY: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division
Washington, D.C. 20540 USA
DIGITAL ID: (color film copy transparency) cph 3g02441
(b&w film copy neg.) cph 3c19316
CARD #: 93503166

(Reusing this file)

See below.


This is a faithful photographic reproduction of an original two-dimensional work of art. The work of art itself is in the public domain for the following reason:
Public domain This work is in the public domain in the United States, and those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 100 years or fewer.

This file has been identified as being free of known restrictions under copyright law, including all related and neighboring rights.

The official position taken by the Wikimedia Foundation is that "faithful reproductions of two-dimensional public domain works of art are public domain, and that claims to the contrary represent an assault on the very concept of a public domain". For details, see Commons:When to use the PD-Art tag.
This photographic reproduction is therefore also considered to be in the public domain.

Please be aware that depending on local laws, re-use of this content may be prohibited or restricted in your jurisdiction. See Commons:Reuse of PD-Art photographs.

Public Domain


Only registered users can post comments. Please login

EXIF data:
File name 1829-philadelphia-black-bourgeoisie-flesh-coloured.jpg
Size, bytes 456111
Mime type image/jpeg
The images at Free-Photos.biz come mainly from Wikimedia Commons or from our own production. The photos are either in the public domain, or licensed under free linceses: Free-Photos.biz license, GPL, Creative Commons or Free-Art license. Some very few other photos where uploaded to Free-Photos.biz by our users and released into the public domain or into free usage under another free license (like GPL etc.)

All photos in average size can be saved by everyone without registration (by right-clicking) - and all photos can be downloaded in full-size and without the big watermark by members (by left-clicking) (registration and free membership required).

While the copyright and licensing information supplied for each photo is believed to be accurate, Free-Photos.biz does not provide any warranty regarding the copyright status or correctness of licensing terms. If you decide to reuse the images from Free-Photos.biz, you should verify the copyright status of each image just as you would when obtaining images from other sources.

The use of depictions of living or deceased persons may be restricted in some jurisdictions by laws regarding personality rights. Such images are exhibited at Free-Photos.biz as works of art that serve higher artistic interests.

christianity portal