This photo was viewed 1 times and was downloaded in full size 0 times.

This photo was liked 0 times

Please login in order to see the source link

Calligraphy in a Latin Bible of AD 1407 on display in Malmesbury Abbey, Wiltshire, England. The Bible was hand written in Belgium, by Gerard Brils, for reading aloud in a monastery.
Taken by Adrian Pingstone in February 2005 and released to the public domain.

The text on display is Latin, and it comes from the book of Numbers (Num 1:24-26). The text is, including the first line, which is not entirely visible:

suarum recensiti sunt per nomina sin
gulorum a viginti annis et supra omnes
qui ad bella procederent:(25) quadragin
ta quinque milia sexcenti quinqua
ginta. (26) De filiis Iuda per genera
tiones et familias ac domos
cognationum suarum per nomina
singulorum a vicesimo anno et

of their [fathers], according to the number of the names, from twenty years old and upward, all that were able to go forth to war; (25)[Those that were numbered of them, even of the tribe of Gad], were forty and five thousand six hundred and fifty. (26)Of the children of Judah, by their generations, after their families, by the house of their fathers, according to the number of the names, from twenty years old and

It is interesting to note the scribal abbrevations which are used thoroughly, such as the symbol for (-rum), (see the end of the first word on the second line) and the use of bars over vowels to indicate a missing n, "viginti annus" (second line again), and of course the symbol for "et" (although it is written in full near the end of the text). Other abbrevations include the modified 'p' for 'per' and the use of dots above characters to indicate missing letters (sup with dots, instead of supra).

Public domain This work has been released into the public domain by its author, Arpingstone. This applies worldwide.
In some countries this may not be legally possible; if so:
Arpingstone grants anyone the right to use this work for any purpose, without any conditions, unless such conditions are required by law.

Public Domain


Only registered users can post comments. Please login

EXIF data:
File name calligraphy.malmesbury.bible.arp.jpg
Size, bytes 317558
Mime type image/jpeg
Image input equipment manufacturer OLYMPUS CORPORATION
Image input equipment model C750UZ
Orientation of image 1
Image resolution in width direction 72/1
Image resolution in height direction 72/1
Unit of X and Y resolution 2
Exposure time 10/800
F number 45/10
Exposure program 2
ISO speed rating 200
Compressed bits per pixel 2/1
Exif version 0220
Lens focal length 115/10
Date and time original image was generated 2005:02:19 14:16:06
Date and time image was made digital data 2005:02:19 14:16:06
Meaning of each component 
Exposure bias 0/10
Maximum lens aperture 34/10
Metering mode 5
User comments
Supported Flashpix version 0100
Color space information 1
Exif image width 2288
Exif image length 1712
InteroperabilityOffset 1268
Scene type 
Digital zoom ratio 0/100
Gain control 1
Interoperability index R98
Interoperability version 0100
Software used v753u2-86
The images at Free-Photos.biz come mainly from Wikimedia Commons or from our own production. The photos are either in the public domain, or licensed under free linceses: Free-Photos.biz license, GPL, Creative Commons or Free-Art license. Some very few other photos where uploaded to Free-Photos.biz by our users and released into the public domain or into free usage under another free license (like GPL etc.)

All photos in average size can be saved by everyone without registration (by right-clicking) - and all photos can be downloaded in full-size and without the big watermark by members (by left-clicking) (registration and free membership required).

While the copyright and licensing information supplied for each photo is believed to be accurate, Free-Photos.biz does not provide any warranty regarding the copyright status or correctness of licensing terms. If you decide to reuse the images from Free-Photos.biz, you should verify the copyright status of each image just as you would when obtaining images from other sources.

The use of depictions of living or deceased persons may be restricted in some jurisdictions by laws regarding personality rights. Such images are exhibited at Free-Photos.biz as works of art that serve higher artistic interests.

christianity portal