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Summary

Fraktur types with enlarged initial letter | From de:Bild:Initialen.jpg, scanned by de:Benutzer:MatthiasKabel

This is an excellent example for the concurrent use of two different scripts in German language (Zweischriftigkeit): German text is set in Fraktur (with initials). Latin words ("LEGATUS NATUS", "Consensus") and French words ("Militaire", "Officiers") are set in Antiqua. Note the typesetting of "Militz": as a German word with French origin it's set in Antiqua. However for German words it was common to set "tz" as a ligature. Apparently the Antiqua-font used in this text didn't include a tz-ligature, so it was set with a letter from a different font.

Beschreibung

Fraktur-Schrift mit Initialen.

Dieses Bild ist ein gutes Beispiel für die deutsche Zweischriftigkeit im Fraktursatz: Deutschsprachiger Text wird in Fraktur gesetzt (mit aufwändigen initialen). Lateinische Wörter ("LEGATUS NATUS", "Consensus") und französische Wörter ("Militaire", "Officiers") sind in Antiqua gesetzt. Bemerkenswert ist der Satz von "Militz": als französisches Lehnwort wird es in Antiqua gesetzt. Aber als eingedeutschtes Wort enthält es ein "tz", das nach den klassischen deutschen Satzregeln eine Zwangsligatur erfordert. Offensichtlich fehlte die tz-Ligatur in der verwendeten Antiqua-Schrift, also hat sie der Setzer durch eine Letter aus einer anderen (vermutlich gebrochenen) Schrift ersetzt.

License/Lizenz

Ich habe die in meinem Eigentum und Besitz befindliche Urkunde von 1768 selbst gescannt. Das Bild steht unter der FDL, sollte diese nicht gelten unter einer anderen sinngemäßen Lizenz. MatthiasKabel 20:32, 9. Jun 2004 (CEST)

"Das Bild steht unter der FDL, sollte diese nicht gelten unter einer anderen sinngemäßen Lizenz."

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