Luso Tamil Catechism Lisbon 1554



This photo was viewed 5 times and was downloaded in full size 0 times.

This photo was liked 0 times

Please login in order to see the source link


English: A page from Luso-Tamil Catechism (Cartilha or Primer) printed in Lisbon in 1554 CE. It is a bilingual work with Tamil and Portuguese phrases - both printed in Roman script. This is the earliest known printed work of Tamil (though in roman script). The books is 38 pages long with Tamil phrases in Red followed immediately by Portuguese translations printed in black (in smaller font). Authors of the book were Tamil Christians living in Lisbon - Vincente de Nazareth, Thome da Cruz and Jorge Carvalho(?). They were supervised by Father Joao Villa de Conde. The single surviving copy of the book is at the Ethnological Museum at Belem,

The title of the book reads Cartilho che conte brevemente ho q todo christavo deve aprender pera sua saluacum, a qual el rey dom joham terceiro deste nome nosso senhor mandou imprimir e lingua Tamul e Portugues co ha declaracum do Tamul por Cima de vermelho (Primer which contains in brief all that a Christian should know for his salvation and for which our lord, the king Dom John III, had ordered to be printed in the Tamil language and in Portuguese with the Tamil meaning printed above in red.)

This book was rediscovered by Fr. Xavier Thaninayagam in the 1950s.
Date 2 February 1554(1554-02-02)
Source Achchum Padhippum by Ma. Sa. Sambandhan 1980
Author Unknown
(Reusing this file)
Public domain This work is in the public domain in India because its term of copyright has expired.
  • The Indian Copyright Act applies in India, to works first published in India.
  • According to The Indian Copyright Act, 1957 (Chapter V Section 25), Anonymous works, photographs, cinematographic works, sound recordings, government works, and works of corporate authorship or of international organizations enter the public domain 60 years after the date on which they were first published, counted from the beginning of the following calendar year (ie. as of 2012, works published prior to 1 January 1952 are considered public domain). Posthumous works (other than those above) enter the public domain after 60 years from publication date. Any other kind of work enters the public domain 60 years after the author's death. Text of laws, judicial opinions, and other government reports are free from copyright.
Flag of India.svg
This file may not be in the public domain outside India. The creator and year of publication are essential information and must be provided. See Wikipedia:Public domain and Wikipedia:Copyrights for more details.


w:en:Creative Commons
attribution share alike
This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license.
You are free:
  • to share – to copy, distribute and transmit the work
  • to remix – to adapt the work
Under the following conditions:
  • attribution – You must attribute the work in the manner specified by the author or licensor (but not in any way that suggests that they endorse you or your use of the work).
  • share alike – If you alter, transform, or build upon this work, you may distribute the resulting work only under the same or similar license to this one.

Public Domain


Only registered users can post comments. Please login

EXIF data:
File name luso_tamil_catechism_lisbon_1554.jpg
Size, bytes 622173
Mime type image/jpeg
Image input equipment manufacturer Canon
Image input equipment model Canon PowerShot SD780 IS
Orientation of image 1
Image resolution in width direction 180/1
Image resolution in height direction 180/1
Unit of X and Y resolution 2
Exposure time 1/60
F number 90/10
ISO speed rating 80
Compressed bits per pixel 3/1
Exif version 0221
Lens focal length 5900/1000
Date and time original image was generated 2010:06:11 21:07:10
Date and time image was made digital data 2010:06:11 21:07:10
Meaning of each component 
Shutter speed 189/32
Aperture 203/32
Exposure bias 0/3
Maximum lens aperture 107/32
Metering mode 5
User comments
Supported Flashpix version 0100
Color space information 1
Exif image width 2376
Exif image length 1665
InteroperabilityOffset 7474
Focal plane X resolution 2592000/244
Focal plane Y resolution 1944000/183
Focal plane resolution unit 2
Sensing method 2
Digital zoom ratio 4000/4000
Interoperability index R98
Interoperability version 0100
Firmware version IS JPEG
Image number 1000962
OwnerName sion 1.00
Unique image ID 67344F8851474AF8A1524095CC659E66
Software used Microsoft Windows Photo Gallery 6.0.6000.16386
The images at Free-Photos.biz come mainly from Wikimedia Commons or from our own production. The photos are either in the public domain, or licensed under free linceses: Free-Photos.biz license, GPL, Creative Commons or Free-Art license. Some very few other photos where uploaded to Free-Photos.biz by our users and released into the public domain or into free usage under another free license (like GPL etc.)

All photos in average size can be saved by everyone without registration (by right-clicking) - and all photos can be downloaded in full-size and without the big watermark by members (by left-clicking) (registration and free membership required).

While the copyright and licensing information supplied for each photo is believed to be accurate, Free-Photos.biz does not provide any warranty regarding the copyright status or correctness of licensing terms. If you decide to reuse the images from Free-Photos.biz, you should verify the copyright status of each image just as you would when obtaining images from other sources.

The use of depictions of living or deceased persons may be restricted in some jurisdictions by laws regarding personality rights. Such images are exhibited at Free-Photos.biz as works of art that serve higher artistic interests.

christianity portal