Horae Beatae Virginis Mariae



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Unknown from Île-de-France

English: Horae Beatae Virginis Mariae: Annunciation, l. 39.
Polski: Horae Beatae Virginis Mariae: Zwiastowanie, k. 39.

circa 1460(1460)


ink and color on parchment


16 × 12 cm (6.3 × 4.7 in) 166 leaves

Accession number

5.2.94 (Hermitage in St. Petersburg)

Object history

15th century: transferred to Cartesian abbey in Vauvert near Paris
18th century: transferred to Za?uski Library
1795(1795): transferred to Hermitage Palace in Saint Petersburg (confiscation)
1921(1921): transferred to National Library in Warsaw (revindication)
October 1944: Burned deliberately by the Germans during the Planned destruction of Warsaw.[1]

English: Additional inscriptions:
  • 9 fl. Horae. Lat. fat. in Gallia cum Imaginibus minio exornatis, l. 1 by bishop Za?uski
  • De cartusia Parisiensi, l. 2
  • Iste liber pertinet (domui) Vallisuiridis (prope) parisiis ordinis cartusiensis... frater Franciscus (abbas)... monachus professus, l. 165v.

Halina Tchórzewska-Kabata ed. (2003). The National Library year book XXXV. Biblioteka Narodowa. ISBN 83-70009-552-6

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  1. ? English Rebecca Knuth (2006). Burning books and leveling libraries: extremist violence and cultural destruction, p. 166. Greenwood Publishing Group. ISBN 02-75990-07-9

Public Domain


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