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"The Fifteenth Amendment", an 1870 print celebrating the passage of the Fifteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution in February 1870, and the advancements that African-Americans had made as a result of the Civil War.
Portraits in image:
- At the top corners, President Ulysses S. Grant and Vice President Schuyler Colfax. (The Grant administration was much more satisfactory to African-Americans than the preceding Andrew Johnson administration.)
- Smaller portraits (inset from the bottom corners) of the deceased white heroes of Black rights, Abraham Lincoln and John Brown.
- At top center, African-American leaders Martin Delany, Frederick Douglass, and Hiram Revels.
Vignettes in image (counterclockwise from top left):
- 1. "Reading Emancipation Proclamation"
- Raggedly-dressed black man holding document signed "LINCOLN".
- 2. "Life, Liberty, and Independence"
- Sword and olive wreath.
- 3. "We Unite the Bonds of Fellowship"
- Three men dressed in sashes and aprons of black fraternal organizations, with corresponding banners.
- 4. "Our charter of Rights - The Holy Scriptures"
- Book labelled "Holy Bible".
- 5. "Education will prove the Equality of the Races"
- Schoolroom scene with Black woman schoolteacher.
- 6. "Liberty Protects the Marriage Altar"
- Double wedding scene.
- 7. "Celebration of Fifteenth Amendment, May 19th, 1870"
- (at center) Large vignette of black parade with drums and mounted men leading marchers on foot, viewed by a friendly white audience.
- 8. "The Ballot Box is open to us"
- Black man casting secret ballot.
- 9. "Our representative Sits in the National Legislature"
- Floor of Congress scene, presumably depicting Sen. Hiram Revels sitting at his desk as other Blacks watch from the galleries.
- 10. "The Holy Ordinances of Religion are free"
- Black church scene with Black preacher.
- 11. "Freedom unites the Family Circle"
- Domestic scene.
- 12. "We will protect our Country as it defends our Rights"
- Black military unit parading past cheering white spectators.
- 13. "We till our own Fields"
- Two black men reaping grain.
- 14. "The Right of Citizens of the U.S. to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the U.S. or any State on account of Race, Color, or [previous] Condition of Servitude - 15th Amendment"
- Quill pen(?) and scroll of Constitution of the United States.
Edited from image http://memory.loc.gov/master/pnp/cph/3g00000/3g02000/3g02300/3g02399u.tif on the Library of Congress website.
Bibliographic information found at LoC site:
TITLE: The Fifteenth amendment
CALL NUMBER: PGA - Kelly (T.)--Fifteenth amendment (A size) (A size) [P&P]
REPRODUCTION NUMBER: LC-USZC4-2399 (color film copy transparency) LC-USZ62-36272 (b&w film copy neg.)
SUMMARY: Parade surrounded by portraits and vignettes of Black life, illustrating rights granted by the 15th amendment.
MEDIUM: 1 print on wove paper : lithograph with watercolor ; 25.2 x 31.4 cm.
CREATED/PUBLISHED: N.Y. : Published & printed by Thomas Kelly, 17 Barclay St., c1870.
CREATOR: Kelly, Thomas, fl. 1871-1874.
NOTES: A reduced version of Kelly's large print "The Fifteenth Amendment, Celebrated May 19th 1870" (no. 1870-4), with a key to the picture added in the lower margin. Published in: American political prints, 1766-1876 / Bernard F. Reilly. Boston : G.K. Hall, 1991, entry 1870-5.
- African Americans (portrayed), in the U.S. military.
- Baltimore, Md.
- Brown, John.
- Colfax, Schuyler.
- Constitutional amendments, fifteenth.
- Delany, Martin Robinson.
- Douglass, Frederick.
- Emancipation Proclamation.
- Grant, Ulysses S., presidency.
- House of Representatives.
- Revels, Hiram.
- Schools, for African Americans.
- Voters and voting.
- African Americans--Civil rights--1870.
FORMAT: Lithographs Hand-colored 1870.
REPOSITORY: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA
CARD #: 93510386
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