This photo was viewed 0 times and was downloaded in full size 0 times.

This photo was liked 0 times

If you are a member, please login in order to see the source link of the above image.


Description Letter from Oljeitu to Philippe le Bel, 1305.

Transcription of the introduction: "Olziit Sultan ug maani. Iridfarans (Roi de France) Sultanaa. Ertnees ta buriin Frankuud irgenii sultad manai sain elents, sain ovog, sain etseg, sain akh dor amraldaj, khol beer bogoos oir met setgej, alivaa ugsee ochij, elchinee, esnii belguudee ilgeeldseniig yu andakhun ta?"

Translation of the introduction: "Oljeitu Sultan our word. To the Iridfarans (King of France) Sultan. How could it be forgotten that from ancient times all you sultans of the Frank citizens have dealt peacefully with our good great-grandfather (Hulegu Khan), good grandfather (Abaga Khan), good father (Arghun Khan) and good brother (Ghazan Khan), esteeming us near although you are far, pronouncing your various words and sending your ambassadors and gifts of health-wishing?"

Transcription of another line: "Naran urgakhui Nankhiyasiin ornoos avan Talu dalai khurtel ulus barildaj zamuudaa uyuulav."

Translation of the line: "Our nation has been interlocked (peacefully connected) from the land of the Nankhiyas (plural for 'Chinese') where the sun rises to the Talu Ocean (Mediterranean Sea) and our roads have been tied together."
Date 2007(2007)
Source self-made, photographed at the Musee Saint-Denis. Temporary loan from the Bibliotheque Nationale, France.


I, the copyright holder of this work, hereby publish it under the following licenses:
GNU head Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, no Front-Cover Texts, and no Back-Cover Texts. A copy of the license is included in the section entitled GNU Free Documentation License.

w:en:Creative Commons
attribution share alike
This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported, 2.5 Generic, 2.0 Generic and 1.0 Generic license.
You are free:
  • to share – to copy, distribute and transmit the work
  • to remix – to adapt the work
Under the following conditions:
  • attribution – You must attribute the work in the manner specified by the author or licensor (but not in any way that suggests that they endorse you or your use of the work).
  • share alike – If you alter, transform, or build upon this work, you may distribute the resulting work only under the same or similar license to this one.

You may select the license of your choice.

Only registered users can post comments. Please login.

EXIF data:
File name oljeitutophilippelebel1305.jpg
Size, Mbytes 0.375243164063
Mime type image/jpeg
Camera manufacturer SONY
Camera model DSC-T10
Exposure time 10/80 sec (0.125)
F number f / 3.5
Exposure program 2
ISO speed rating 320
Compressed bits per pixel 8
Exif version 0221
Lens focal length 6.33 mm
Date and time original image was generated 2007:11:29 10:22:46
Date and time image was made digital data 2007:11:29 10:22:46
Meaning of each component 
Exposure bias 0
Maximum lens aperture 3.625
Metering mode 5
Supported Flashpix version 0100
Color space information 1
Exif image width 1785
Exif image length 1519
Scene type 
Software used Paint Shop Pro Photo 11.20

See some ads as well as other free photos:

The images at Free-Photos.biz come mainly from Wikimedia Commons or from our own production. The photos are either in the public domain, or licensed under free linceses: Free-Photos.biz license, GPL, Creative Commons or Free-Art license. Some very few other photos where uploaded to Free-Photos.biz by our users and released into the public domain or into free usage under another free license (like GPL etc.)

While the copyright and licensing information supplied for each photo is believed to be accurate, Free-Photos.biz does not provide any warranty regarding the copyright status or correctness of licensing terms. If you decide to reuse the images from Free-Photos.biz, you should verify the copyright status of each image just as you would when obtaining images from other sources.

The use of depictions of living or deceased persons may be restricted in some jurisdictions by laws regarding personality rights. Such images are exhibited at Free-Photos.biz as works of art that serve higher artistic interests.

christianity portal