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PedraBranca-TRobertson-1882
 

 

 

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Summary

Artist

Captain Thomas Robertson (1819–1873), based on an 1850 sketch by John Turnbull Thomson.

Title

Pedra Branca

Date

1882.(1882.)

Medium

Oil painting

Dimensions

620 x 430 mm.

Notes
English: A painting of the island of Pedra Branca in the South China Sea, inscribed in ink "T. Robertson 1882". Though the painting was executed well after Horsburgh Lighthouse had been constructed, it was "faithfully based on an original sketch of the rock by Thomson in 1850, even to the extent of having the 'same' wave breaking over it". Robertson was a well-known painter of seascapes in New Zealand in the 1880s, and it is believed that John Turnbull Thomson commissioned him to make a painting from Thomson's original sketch. In his sketch, Thomson had labelled the sea on the left of the island "Singapore Strait" and on the right "China Sea". The hill in the distance on the left was labelled "Barbukit Hill", which is on the Malaysian mainland. See Hall-Jones, The Thomson Paintings, p. 66. On Thomas Robertson, see Capt. Thomas Robertson, 1819–1873. RootsWeb. Retrieved on 2010-02-15. The country in which the painting was created is presently unknown.
Source/Photographer

John Hall-Jones (1983(1983)). The Thomson Paintings: Mid-Nineteenth Century Paintings of the Straits Settlements and Malaya. Singapore: Oxford University Press. p. 67. ISBN 0195825667.

Permission
(Reusing this file)

PD-SG-artisticwork or PD-NZ, PD-1923.

Licensing

Public domain This work formerly enjoyed copyright in Singapore but is now in the public domain because its term of copyright has expired. According to the Copyright Act (Cap. 63) of Singapore:
for  ... copyright has expired if ... pursuant to ...
Works by private persons
a published or unpublished artistic work other than —
  • a photograph; and
  • an engraving not published before the death of the author
70 years have passed since the end of the calendar year in which the author of the work died section 28(2)
Works made by or under the direction or control of the Government of Singapore
an engraving 70 years have passed since the end of the calendar year in which the work was first published (that is, it was first published before or in 1941) section 197(4A)
an artistic work other than an engraving or a photograph 70 years have passed since the end of the calendar year in which the work was made (that is, it was made before or in 1941) section 197(4)
When using this template, please state the identity of the author of the work and the date of his or her death
Singapore
Public domain
This New Zealand work is in the public domain both in New Zealand and in other countries adhering to international copyright treaties, because its copyright has expired or it is not subject to copyright. According to the New Zealand Copyright Act of 1994 as elaborated on by the the Standing Committee on Copyright of the Library and Information Association of New Zealand (LIANZA), as of May 2011:
Type of material Copyright has expired if ...
 A  For photographs, manuscripts, archives, music scores, maps, paintings, and drawings published anonymously, under a pseudonym or the creator is unknown: photo taken or work published prior to
1 January 1962
 B  Any works by the Crown (see Crown copyright) dated 1944 or earlier
 C  Published works1 by the Crown after 1945 No works1 until 2045
 D  For photographs, manuscripts, archives, music scores, maps, paintings, and drawings (except A-C) Creator died before 1 January 1962
 E  For oral histories, music, computer-generated work and spoken word sound recordings Released before 1 January 1962

1 Some government publications are not subject to copyright, including bills, acts, regulations, court judgments, royal commission and select committee reports, etc. See references [1] or [2] for the full list.

New Zealand
Public domain This image (or other media file) is in the public domain because its copyright has expired.

This applies to Australia, the European Union and those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 70 years.


Dialog-warning.svg You must also include a United States public domain tag to indicate why this work is in the public domain in the United States. Note that a few countries have copyright terms longer than 70 years: Mexico has 100 years, Colombia has 80 years, and Guatemala and Samoa have 75 years, Soviet Union has 74 years for some authors. This image may not be in the public domain in these countries, which moreover do not implement the rule of the shorter term. Côte d'Ivoire has a general copyright term of 99 years and Honduras has 75 years, but they do implement the rule of the shorter term.


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Licensing:
Public Domain

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EXIF data:
File name pedrabranca-trobertson-1882.jpg
Size, bytes 66042
Mime type image/jpeg
Orientation of image 1
Image resolution in width direction 100/1
Image resolution in height direction 100/1
Unit of X and Y resolution 2
Color space information 1
Exif image width 350
Exif image length 243
Software used Adobe Photoshop CS Windows
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