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E.V.A. LanxmeerSelfconstruction2 2009
 

 

 

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Description
English: Self-construction in E.V.A. Lanxmeer district (a "green distric" named Lanxmeer, built at Culemborg, The Netherlands), wich is a recent (1994-2009) district (semi-public eco-building) of approximately 250 ecological houses, several offices and a urban farm. The project is based on "Sustainable Implant" with a spatial combinaison of natural systems, technical approach of integrated waste (wastewater) / energy system and écological and social purposes, for an urban neighborhood.
The district is in an ecologically sensitive area (former drinking waterextraction and retention area). The conception of this district is based on permaculture, and organic design, a small biogas installation (able to treate black water and organic waste and garden & park waste), a combined Heat Power. Some houses are in closed greenhouse. A semi-public building (the ‘EVA Centre) should yet be made, based on the Living Machine concept.
Français : maison auto-construite (briques crues, enduit argileux, bois FSC) près de la zone protégée du quartier E.V.A. Lanxmeer (écoquartier construit près de la gare de Culemborg (Pays-Bas, sud-est d'Utrecht). C'est un projet semi-public d'environ 250 maisons écologiques (à vendre ou à louer en habitat social à loyer modéré), incluant aussi plusieurs immeubles de bureaux et d'une ferme urbaine.
Le projet est basé sur la participation constante de représentants des habitants et de leur association (BEL). Il vise une implantation soutenable à faible empreinte écologique et fortes mesures compensatoires et conservatoires, combinant dans l'espace des constructions bioclimatiques, des chemins non imperméabilisés, des bassins de lagunage naturel et de rétention d'eau, un réseau écologique d'espaces verts interconnectés, des techniques douces et intégrée d'épuration et de valorisation et recyclage des déchets (eaux usées) / système énergétique, de manière à augmenter le bien-être des habitants de ce quartier urbain. La zone est écologiquement vulnérable (champ captant et zone de rétention de l'eau). La permaculture et une approche d'architecture organique ont guidé les concepteurs pour les jardins et la ferme notamment.
Une petite installation de biogaz traite les eaux grises et les déchets organiques. Un réseau de chaleur alimente le quartier en plus des panneaux solaires thermiques. Certaines maisons sont construites dans des serres horticoles froides.
En 2009, un bâtiment semi-public (le «Centre EVA) n'a pas encore été construit faute de soutien de la mairie et quelques maisons doivent encore être construites.
Date 2009 07 10
Source Own work
Author Lamiot

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